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Mountain Sherpa Trekking & Expedition

Post Box: 14444, Thamel, Kathmandu, Nepal
Phone No.: 00977 14435828
Fax No.: 00977 14435828
Email: sales@nepaltrekkingtours.com
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Website: www.nepaltrekkingtours.com
                www.guidenepal.com

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About Nepal

One of the Best country for Adventure destination in the worldNational Geographic Adventure Magazine

One of the 50 places to see before you dieBBC Holiday

HISTORY:

Nepal lie on the rooftop of the world south of Chinese held Tibet and is surrounded on three sides by Indian Republic. Foreigners were forbidden to enter its territory and virtually nothing was known about its people and their culture, heritage and civilization until the middle of the 20 century and thereafter the maiden visitors exposed this hidden and glorious country of innocent and destitute people with countless diversity from high Himalayans to tropical jungles full of wild animals as well as colorful birds to verdant hills and terraced planes with the red mud houses whose thatched eaves shade clusters with golden corn, terraces stepped in emerald green whence rose sharp cries of "Namaste". Nepal's natural beauty and colorful age old culture and tradition are certainly omnipresent. Be it spring, summer, winter or fall-all allow, visitors a very special glimpse of a marvelous place on earth.

Nepal-MapNepal is a multi-cultural, multi-linguistic and multi religious country. For a relatively small country, Nepal has a diverse landscape, ranging from the humid Terai plains in the south to the mountainous Himalayas in the north, which makes it a major tourist destination. Hinduism is practiced by a large. Majority of the people, but the country also has a strong Buddhist tradition; Lumbini, the birthplace of Buddha Siddhartha Gautama is located in the Terai, one of the three regions of Nepal.

Historically, Nepal was fragmented into territories, each ruled by different kings. It was united in 1768 under one king. Its recent history has involved struggles for democratic government with periods of direct monarchic rule from 1996 until 2006, Nepal suffered from a Civil War between government forces and guerrillas of the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist). On December 28, 2007, the Interim Parliament passed a bill and declared Nepal to be a Federal Democratic Republic. The first meeting of the Constituent Assembly officially implemented that declaration on May 28, 2008.

The capital Kathmandu is the largest city in the country. The official language is Nepali and the state currency is the Nepalese Rupee (NPR).Nepal's flag is the only national flag in the world that is non- quadrilateral in shape. The blue border on the flag of Nepal symbolises peace. The red in the flag stands for victory in war or courage, and is also color of the rhododendron, the national flower of Nepal. While the curved moon on the flag is a symbol of the peaceful and calm nature of Nepalese, the sun represents the aggressive strength of Nepalese warriors

Mount Everest

Recognizing the threat of the British Raj in India, he dismissed European missionaries from the country and for more than a century, Nepal remained in isolation. During the mid-19th Century Jung Bahadur Rana became Nepal's first prime minister to wield absolute power.He set up an oligarchy and the Shah Kings remained fogureheads. The Ranas were overthrown in a decocracy movement of the early 1950s. Today, Nepal enjoys a multiparty democratic system.

PEOPLE & CUSTOM OF NEPAL

Ethnic diversity and custom of Nepal make Nepal the most fascinating tourist destination in the world. Official statistics indicates that Nepali population of around 25 millions includes more than 60 ethnic groups speaking 70 different languages and dialects. Northern Himalayan People, Middle Hills and Valley People and Terai People make up the total populations of the nation. Sherpas, Dolpas, Lopas, Baragaonlis and Manangis come under Northern Himalayan People. Magars, Gurungs, Tamangs, Sunuwars, Newars, Thakalis, Chepangs and majority of Brahmans and Chhetris are regarded as Middle Hills and Valley People. The Terai People are Tharus, Darai, Kumhal, Majhi and migrants from India. Nepali society is culturally influenced by caste hierarchy. Caste system comprises of Brahmin, Chettri, Vaisya and Shudra. Nepali is the official language. Nepal is a secular country. Hinduism and Buddhism are the two main religions. Official statistics shows that 40% of the population is Hindu, 30% Buddhist, 25% Christian, 2.7% Muslim, 2.4% Shamanist and Animist and 0.1%Jain. Regardless of ethnic background or religion, Nepali people are the most hospitable and friendly people you could ever wish to meet. Nepalese revere their guests as gods. Visit to Nepal can surely be an experience of a lifetime.

Phoksundo Lake

GEOGRAPHY, FLORA & FAUNA OF NEPAL

Stretched across diverse picturesque landscape, Nepal lies geographically sandwiched between China and India. Nepal encompasses total surface area of 147,181 sq. km from the Himalayan range in the North to the Indo-Gangetic lowlands in the South at the latitude 26°12' to 30°27' North and the longitude 80°4' to 88°12'. Topographically, Nepal has lowland Terai Region in the south, central lower mountains and hills in the middle and Mountain Region in the north. On the basis of diverse ecological settings, regions have been divided into Terai, Siwalik, Middle Mountain, High Mountain and High Himalaya. Terai lies in the northern part of Indo-Gangetic plain extending nearly 800 km from east to west and about 30-40 km from north to south occupying 17% of the total land area with average elevation below 750 m including Terai region, Bhavar Terai and Inner Terai. Siwalik is also called Churia Hills and has elevation ranging from 700 to 1,500 m. Middle Mountain is also referred as Mahabharat range which stretched on 65% of the total land area with elevation ranging from 1,500 to 2,700 m. Kosi, Gandaki, Karnali and Mahakali river meet the middle mountain at many junctions. High Mountains range from 2,200 to 4,000 m and are naturally resourced with phyllite, schists and quartzite. The soil found here being shallow resist weathering. Where as High Himalayas occupy 16% of the total land area of Nepal with elevation ranging from 4,000 to above 8,000 m. This region accommodates the eight of the highest peaks in the world; Mt. Everest [(8848m], Kanchanjunga [8586m], Lhotse [8516m], Cho Oyu [8201m], Dhaulagiri [8167m], Mt. Makalu [8463m], Manaslu [8163m] and Annapurna I [8091m]. Nepal is topographically divided into three regions: The Himalayas to the north, the hills consisting of the Mahabharat range and the Churia Hills, and the Terai to the south. Elevations are varied in the kingdom. The highest points are Mt. Everest (8848m) in the north and the lowest point (70 meters above sea level) is located at Kechana Kalan of Jhapa District. Altitude increases as you travel south to north. To the north temperature are below-40 degrees Celsius and in the Terai, temperatures rise to 40 degrees Celsius in the summer. During June, July and August, the kingdom is influenced by monsoon clouds,

Nepal

The Himalaya:

he Himalayan range makes up the norhern border of the country and represents 16% of the total land area of nepal. Peaks like Mt. Everest(8848m), Kanchenjunga (8598m), and Dhaulagiri (8137m) are found here and sparse vegetaion is found up to 4,500m. Some of Nepal's most beautiful animal and plant life are also found here. Although rare, the snow leopard and danphe bird are much talked about sights among visitors. The people in this region produce and sell chesse besides this people in this region have gained from the growth in the tourism industry. The People here work as trekking guides and porters and also sell garments and Carpets to add to their income.many also trade with Tibet and travel across the border to sell thir goods.

The Hills:

This region covers 65% of the total land area of the country. Kathmandu, the capital of Nepal is located here. Elevations range form 500 to 3,000m above sea level. During summer the temperature reaches an average of 32 degrees Celsius. Winters are cold, temperature reaching-1 degree celsius sometimes. Areas in the eastern hills receive more rainfall because of the monsoon clouds which come form the south-east. The rivers in the west which do not receive much rainfall are dependent upon the melted snow that flow down the himlaya. Wild animals to be found here are the spotted leopard, barking deer and Himalayan black bear. The hilly region is also popular for different kinds of birds. Over four hundred species of birds are found here.

The Terai:

The Terai Covers 17% of the total land area of Nepal. it provides excellent farming land and the average elevation of flatlands in 100 to 300 m above sea - level. Sub-tropical forest areas, marshes,and wildlife which include the Royal Bengal tiger,one-horned rhino,and the gharial crocodile are found here. After the eradication of malaria in the 1960s, many people migrated to the Terai in search of farming land. Today, about 48% of the country's population occupies this region. Flat farmlands and the region's flexible topography have given rise to many industries. The main industrial towns are Biratnagar, Butwal, Bhairawa, Birgunj, and Janakpur. Calcutta a Metropolitan ciy in India is the Closes Sea -port. It lies 1,000 kilometers away from Birgunj.

What is Nepal like?

Thanks to the mighty Himalayas, Nepal has the widest range of altitudes of any country in the worlds that vary from as little as 70m on the Terai plains to Mount Everest's colossal peak at 8848m. As a result, tropical, subtropical, temperate and alpine areas all exist.

In these diverse natural environments an incredible range of flora and fauna flourish, attracting nature lovers all year round. Nepal is an ornithologist's paradise, with over 800 species of birds, including storks, pheasants, cuckoos and enormous birds of prey. For those who prefer larger animals, a visit to one of the National Parks could reward you with a sighting of our famous royal Bengal tigers, bears or one horned rhino. You do not have to go far to see the monkeys, many of whom live side by side with the residents of towns and villages! Neither do you need to go to a museum to find evidence of Nepal's long and fascinating history: it's all around you in the towns and villages that dot the Kathmandu valley and lie hidden in the mountain ranges. Villages where everyday life still follows long established traditions, and where time almost seems to have stood still.

The Nepalese are naturally a friendly, welcoming people. They enjoy meeting people from around the world, and are proud to share their wonderful country with you. Visitors to Nepal often return time and time again, drawn by the stunning scenery, the warm and smiling people, the outdoor adventure and the special atmosphere that pervades the clear mountain air

Phoksundo Lake Camp

People of Nepal

Nepal has a population of around 25 million, and a population density of about 171 people per square kilometer. Agriculture is an important part of Nepali life and over three quarters of the population live in rural areas. Life expectancy is around 54 years.

The country consists of 59 ethnic groups, which make it a colorful, impressively cultural, traditional and linguistically diverse region and greater part of the country still remains untouched by modern civilization. The majority of Nepali people practice the Hindu religion.

TALES & TRAILS OF NEPAL:

VISITORS SPEAK OUT:

  • “Once in their Lifetime, every person should journey to a place where legends live, where everything is bigger than life. For me, Everest has always represented nature at its most powerful, most awe-inspiring most unconquerable”.
  • “In Nepal…. You get to meet people form all over, get a great workout while trekking, and have the opportunity to enjoy some of the best views in the world.”
  • “The Nepalese people are truly wonderful. The mountains are spectacular but the people are even more memorable. They are kind, caring, hard working, and helpful.”
  • “One of the best areas for a first time trek to the Himalayas is the Annapurna Region, which is both easily accessible and scenically spectacular.”
  • “I have always loved to go to high place and I think I may have been Nepal in another lifetime, I felt so at home there.”
  • “Nepal is a wonderful place for trekking. If you like to walk, there is no more inspiring place in world to do it.”